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rated 0 times [  4] [ 0]  / answers: 1 / hits: 3379  / 1 Year ago, sun, may 21, 2023, 6:28:04

When I log in as root:



ubuntu login: root                                                                                  
Password:
Last login: Tue Apr 7 17:31:14 CDT 2020 on ttyS0
Welcome to Ubuntu 19.04 (GNU/Linux 5.0.0-38-generic x86_64)


My /root/.bashrc (and therefore /root/.bash_aliases) are not run. Is this normal? How can I fix this?



Some more info:



# getent passwd| grep root                                     
root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash


My /root/.profile is normal:



# cat /root/.profile                                           
# ~/.profile: executed by Bourne-compatible login shells.

if [ "$BASH" ]; then
if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
. ~/.bashrc
fi
fi

mesg n || true


$BASH is set correctly:



# echo $BASH                                                   
/bin/bash


And /root/.bashrc is also normal. Here's a snippet:



if [ -f ~/.bash_aliases ]; then                                                 
. ~/.bash_aliases
fi


If I do ". ~/.bashrc" from the command line, it works as expected.


More From » root

 Answers
5

If either ~/.bash_profile or ~/.bash_login exists, bash will run that instead of ~/.profile. Some software installers will helpfully add their setup steps to (usually) ~/.bash_profile, so even if you delete it (and merge its contents into ~/.profile), it might get recreated later.



Ideally, I'd recommend moving all the bash-specific things (i.e. sourcing ~/.bashrc) into ~/.bash_profile, have it also source the generic ~/.profile, leaving just the mesg in the generic ~/.profile (so it'll work if you ever start in a different shell)



So here's what I'd put in ~/.profile:



# cat /root/.profile                                           
# ~/.profile: executed by Bourne-compatible login shells.

mesg n || true


And ~/.bash_profile (note that it doesn't have to test $BASH 'cause it's already in a bash-specific file):



# ~/.bash_profile: executed by bash login shells.

if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
. ~/.bashrc
fi

# If the generic profile exists, source that as well.
if [ -f ~/.profile ]; then
. ~/. profile
fi

[#3899] Tuesday, May 23, 2023, 1 Year  [reply] [flag answer]
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dileble

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